The hottest Siemens legend of 172 years is walking

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Siemens: 172 years old legend, moving towards the future in turbulence and struggle

[editor's note] as a global industry giant in the field of electrification, automation and digitalization, Siemens still stands after 172 years of trials and tribulations, and its development process is full of turbulence and struggle. In this paper, the historical events in Siemens' life are counted in detail in a gentle way

there is a sentence written in Siemens' offices all over the world: I won t sell the future for a short-term profit (never sacrifice the future for the short-term benefit of ultrasonic displacement sensors)

the originator of this sentence is Mr. Werner von Siemens, the founder of Siemens. He will focus on the future development of the company in every decision-making of operation, and will not use price reduction to obtain temporary high sales, destroy the healthy and stable market, and will not give up the conquest of new fields because of the long return cycle. These initially set principles have accompanied Siemens through a long time that most enterprises have not been able to go through, and have also made Siemens a global industry giant in the fields of electrification, automation and digitalization


Siemens AG was founded in 1847 and has a history of 172 years. For Chinese enterprises with an average life span of only 3.9 years, this figure is inconceivable. Even among the world's top 500 enterprises with an average life span of 40 years, Siemens' vitality is particularly dazzling

Siemens has many labels, such as the world's automation giant, the world's largest electrical engineering giant, the world's medical device giant, and so on. Today, Siemens, which is very old, has more than 360000 employees in more than 200 countries and regions, and has about 600 factories, R & D centers and sales offices all over the world

in the fortune 2018 World Top 500 list, Siemens ranked 66th, with a revenue of $91.584.7 billion, equivalent to about 611.79 billion yuan, a profit of $6667.4 million, equivalent to about 44.538.9 billion yuan, and a daily profit of 122 million yuan. This figure is far more than the other two of the world's three power giants: General Electric of the United States and Mitsubishi of Japan. Among them, General Electric did not make a profit in fiscal 2018, but lost as much as $5.786 billion

Werner von Siemens said before his death: I have always cherished a desire to turn the achievements of natural science into useful things in real life. Under his leadership, Siemens has become the experimental center of many major inventions in the world, and has been transformed into great products that benefit mankind one by one. As early as 1903, the high-speed train manufactured by Siemens reached the world's first speed of 210 kilometers per hour. The electric vehicle, which began to develop at the end of the 20th century, was first invented by Siemens in 1898. In addition, Siemens has a series of world firsts, including electrified railway (1879), tram (1881), trolley bus (1882), the first subway in Europe (1896), electric ship (1886), etc

at present, Siemens also has the world's largest super heavy gas turbine, which is the Pearl of the industrial crown and the core of power equipment in the 21st century. Siemens provides automation system and PVSS construction solutions for the European Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest particle accelerator. The dolphin AIP submarine made by Krupp maritime system and Siemens is the only conventional submarine in the world that can launch nuclear missiles and has the deterrence of secondary nuclear attack, which can be called the peak of conventional submarines

Siemens has also manufactured the world's largest slip ring motor and the world's largest propane dehydrogenation unit for the core compressor unit. The rated load capacity in the world is currently the world's largest heavy truck (capable of carrying 363 tons). As the most complex space probe of mankind, curiosity is also an accurate simulation design provided by Siemens. Siemens' software has precisely optimized the overall aerodynamic layout and mobility of the Su-27 fighter, digitizing the fuselage, wings and even small threads. Siemens' CNC system represents the highest level of CNC system in the world. In addition, Siemens is also the world's largest fan manufacturer, manufacturing the world's first 800kV UHV DC transformer, which has become the core device of UHV transmission

in the more than 100 years since its establishment, Siemens has received a large number of scientists and inventors, including roentgen, the first Nobel Prize in physics, Carl Ferdinand Braun, the ninth Nobel Prize in physics, and Nernst, the 20th Nobel Prize in chemistry

for many people, what they are very interested in is: How did Siemens go through a long enterprise history of more than 170 years and stand firm in nearly two centuries

Werner von Siemens was born in a peasant family in Hanover, Germany on December 3, 1816. Werner's parents had a total of 12 children in their life, of which 3 died prematurely and 9 grew up. Werner ranked fourth. At the age of 23, his mother died, and his father died six months later. Werner became the actual eldest son of the family. To this end, he had to start taking care of eight young brothers and sisters. This sense of family has been deeply integrated into the cultural genes of Siemens since then, and has become an important force to promote the development of Siemens

because of his poor family, Werner joined the army after finishing high school. During his service, Werner, like others, was measured by elongation and reduction of area Plasticity( δ、ψ) To ensure the safety of the machine, he was sentenced to 5 years in prison. During his imprisonment, he built a small electronic laboratory in the prison and conducted many electrical studies. Werner is so tireless in invention and creation, the main driving force is actually to pay for the education of other brothers. In Werner's biography, he honestly wrote: the success of the pointer Telegraph and the growing concern about the economic situation of my brother and sister made me decide to leave the army and turn to the newspaper industry. I think the telegraph industry will be a very important field, and I hope that the development in this area can help me fulfill my obligations to my compatriots and sisters

while in prison, Werner invented the technology of electroplating silver and gold, which was very advanced at that time. For this reason, he obtained a five-year Prussian patent, and the king signed his pardon for regaining freedom. Later, he successfully transferred to Elkington company in the UK for £ 1600. Then he improved the zinc plate printing machine, and the rotary fast printing machine was soon available. In 1846, Werner finally realized simpler and more reliable telegraph transmission by establishing an independently controlled synchronous rotator between the transmitter and the receiver. This invention has become the foundation of, fax, mobile communication, multimedia, interconnection, information highway, etc

these inventions not only led him to success, but also laid the foundation for Siemens to become one of the world's largest electrical companies. In fact, because of his outstanding contribution, von in his name was added after being granted the noble title by German Emperor Friedrich III in his later years

In October, 1847, under the sponsorship of a wealthy cousin, Werner and his partner Halske established a telegraph manufacturing company called Siemens Halske at No. 19, schonaburg street, Berlin. At the beginning of its establishment, the company had only three workers, mainly producing the compass telegraph invented by Siemens

since then, Siemens has embarked on the journey of a huge global electronic and electrical empire. No matter how small the starting point is, it can't hide the faint brilliance of the giant. At the same time, Werner's entrepreneurial talent was also inspired, and the tide of fate began to change its direction

In 1848, Werner, who had extensive contacts in the national telegraph department, won a large order to lay the underground telegraph line from Berlin to Frankfurt, which was also the first underground telegraph line in the world. By March, 1849, Prussian King Friedrich William was elected as the successor king of Germany. At this time, the line from Frankfurt to Berlin was just connected in time. The election results were announced at Paul Church in Frankfurt, and they were transmitted to Berlin by underground telegraph line one hour later. As a result, Siemens became famous and its factory developed rapidly, and soon set up semicolons in the capitals of many European countries

however, the success did not last long. Due to the immature technology and the rash advance in the construction, the line could not work normally soon. The director of Prussian army telegraph management stopped cooperating with Siemens, and the company immediately fell into crisis. Later, Werner summed up a basic principle: the company will take action in all electrical fields of the experiment by storing the samples under the specified temperature test

In 1866, Siemens invented a practical generator. Although Michael Faraday discovered the principle of electromagnetic induction as early as 1831, the power generation of generators was very low for more than 30 years. This invention is not only a milestone in Siemens' history, but also can be said to have greatly promoted the process of human socialization, thus opening the era of human electrification

during the period when Werner invented the generator, Werner sent his brother Carl William Siemens to Britain and began to explore a broad overseas market. As expected, William won a large order for the whole line of cables in London and Calcutta, India for the company in the UK. In 1870, Siemens ushered in a very important thing in life. The London Calcutta Telegraph Line, which was constructed by Siemens, was officially completed. The telegraph line was 11000 kilometers long, spanning four countries at that time, most of which were submarine cables. This kind of project directly shortens the information transmission time between London and India from 30 days to only 28 minutes. Siemens completed this project with high standards, and since then, it has become famous, and orders have come one after another

although the telegraph project has won a large amount of revenue for Siemens, it is the electrical industry that really makes it enter the ranks of giants. Driven by practical generators, Siemens installed street lights on the streets of Berlin in 1879, manufactured the world's first elevator in 1880, established the first electronic public transport system in 1881, and showed the world the world's first trolley bus in 1882. Since 1877, machines have also been added to the company's products

In 1890, Siemens handed over the leadership of the company to its younger brother Carl and two sons Arnold and William, completing the power transition of the company. Two years later, Werner passed away. In order to commemorate his outstanding contribution to the electrical industry, in the international system of units of physical circuit, the units of conductance, susceptance and admittance are named Siemens. The symbol of Siemens is s, and the Chinese abbreviation is [West]


after Werner's death, under the control of the Siemens family, Siemens continued to rely on the power of electricity to ride the wind and waves

in 1903, Siemens and General Electric of Germany jointly established a radio communication company (currently the world's top manufacturer of TV, video and audio equipment). In 1919, Siemens and two other companies jointly established a lighting company called OSRAM (now all

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