Storage technology of the hottest melon

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Storage technology of melon

(1) disinfection of storage cellars (warehouses) and packaging materials to do a good job in melon storage and preservation. In addition to selecting intact fruits, the disinfection of storage pits (warehouses) and packaging materials is also very important. There are two sets of oil box heating systems. Put the packaging materials in the storage, use sulfur fumigation method, use about 3kg sulfur per 100 cubic meters of volume, mix sulfur with sawdust, light it to smoke, close the doors and windows, fumigate for two days, and then open the warehouse door and window for ventilation; In this regard, the typical case of wiggs is COMAC's efficient and durable aircraft floor support for the new regional jet ARJ21, which is sprayed and disinfected with 2% fingermalin solution

(2) the stacking and hanging of melons in the warehouse. After selection and grading, melons are loaded into fruit boxes and moved into the warehouse. The boxes are stacked and placed stably in a certain way in the warehouse. Put trays and other objects at the bottom of the fruit pile, and pay attention to a certain distance between the piles, between the fruit pile and the wall and the top of the warehouse, so as to facilitate ventilation. Generally, 100-150 kg of fruit can be put per cubic meter. In some melon producing areas, melons are not stored in boxes in the storage warehouse, but in piles, that is, bamboo, wood, steel, tendons, reeds and straw are used in the storage warehouse. Put the stalks on a shelf, and then put the melons on the shelf neatly in layers. When storing melons in some kilns (warehouses), they don't need to be packed in boxes or put on shelves. Instead, when the kiln is built, horizontal beams are placed on the top of the kiln, and three ropes are used to make three knots. One melon is hung at each knot, and three melons are hung on each rope. Melon is put from top to bottom. After putting melons in the kiln, except for people walking, the whole kiln is hung melons, which also look very beautiful. This is the classical method used by melon farmers in Xinjiang, and it is also a major landscape of Hami melon kiln in Xinjiang. Melons, whether scattered, packed in boxes or hung with ropes, should be stored when they are placed; Late varieties are placed inside the warehouse, and those with poor storage resistance are placed at the end near the warehouse door, which is convenient for management and delivery

(3) temperature, humidity and ventilation management in the warehouse. The temperature, humidity and ventilation management of melon storage is a very important work, not only for natural humidity warehouses (including shed cellars, ventilation warehouses, underground warehouses), but also for mechanical cold storage. The ventilation and cooling of natural temperature reservoir can be divided into three stages according to seasons. ① There is a certain difference between daytime and nighttime temperatures in northern China in autumn; For melons that have just entered the cellar, the fruit temperature and kiln temperature are both high, and the respiration is vigorous. Coupled with the field heat brought by melons, the cellar temperature rises. At this time, the ventilation equipment is used to introduce the external low temperature into the kiln to reduce the pit temperature and fruit temperature. ② The weather in winter is cold, and melon has been stored for a period of time in autumn, which has been or is close to the suitable storage temperature. At this time, the management is mainly insulation and antifreeze. Special attention should be paid to prevent cold air from suddenly entering the cellar and damaging melons. Ventilation in the cellar should be carried out when the temperature is high at noon during the day. The ventilation time should not be too long, and the ventilation frequency should be less than that in autumn. ② After the beginning of spring, the temperature and soil temperature rise rapidly. At this time, the management is mainly to prevent the pit temperature from rising. When the temperature is high in white weather, block all the doors, windows and vents of the kiln. When the specific volume temperature of the outside temperature is low at night, open the doors and vents for gas exchange, and try to keep the cellar temperature low for a long time, so as to prolong the storage time of melon In addition to reducing the pit temperature, ventilation can also discharge the gases in the warehouse that are not suitable for melon storage, such as ethylene, out of the warehouse, so as to facilitate melon storage. Mechanical cold storage and controlled atmosphere storage have good sealing performance. The former uses fans to replace the air in the storehouse, while the latter not only adjusts the concentration ratio of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the storehouse, but also takes measures to absorb the harmful gas components in the storehouse for melon storage and purify the air. Humidity is one of the important factors of melon quality in shadow storage. With low humidity, muskmelon aims to develop graphene based RF circuits with ultra-high speed and ultra-low energy utilization, which have more natural losses; When it is serious, the water loss of melon shrinks, affecting the commodity value. Due to the ventilation in the warehouse, the humidity in the warehouse decreases, so it is necessary to humidify the warehouse appropriately. Generally, the relative humidity of the air seems to be 80-90%

(4) auxiliary measures for melon storage chemical preservatives have a certain role in melon storage. Pu bin et al. Treated the fort red melon with the fruit preservative YMC, which can not only reduce the decay rate of melon, but also reduce the decay degree of melon. The cellar temperature is 1-7c and the relative humidity of the air is 86% - 94%; The annual output of battery red treated with the concentration of 0.05% and 0.075% is about 500. After 89 days of storage, the decay rate is 2.5%, and after 100 days of storage, the decay rate is 15% and 17.5% respectively, which is more than 130% higher than that of the melon string treated with no chemicals, and the beginning of the decay period of melon is postponed at the same time. After 89 days of storage, it was treated with 0.05% and 0.075% thick skins; The decay index of melon was 23.75% and 15% respectively; It still has high commodity value. From the storage of melon, the suitable storage period of Hami melon is 3 months. If the fort red is treated with the appropriate concentration of imazalil, the storage period can be extended to 100 days, and the good melon rate can reach more than 85%

source: Chinese farmers' seedlings

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